What Causes Bipolar Depression?

Bipolar disorder, which you may also know by the name of manic depression, is a debilitating mood disorder and mental health condition characterized by extreme mood swings. Those suffering from bipolar disorder go through phases of high energy, called mania, and periods of depression.

Despite how serious the symptoms can be, no one with bipolar disorder is true without help. Treatments both old and new like psychotherapy or ketamine infusions may help you find relief and return to a sense of normalcy in everyday life.

How Does One become Bipolar?

The unfortunate reality is that a number of factors can contribute to the development of this disorder, and the cause may not always be clear in each individual case. Factors known to play a role include biological differences and genetics.

When it comes to biological differences, it is thought that people with bipolar disorder may have corresponding physical changes within their brains. Exactly what role these changes play is still uncertain, but it may help research into this condition in the future.

Genetics also play an important role. Though we are yet to find specific genes that are connected to bipolar disorder, you are more likely to develop this condition if you have blood relatives who also have bipolar disorder.

Other risk factors can include going through especially traumatic or stressful periods, or abuse of drugs or alcohol.
What are the symptoms?
Bipolar disorder can be difficult to diagnose because of the significant differences between symptoms in each phase.

When going through a manic or hypomanic phase, symptoms include:

  • Being abnormally energetic or active
  • Being abnormally upbeat or jumpy
  • Exaggerated feelings of well-being and self-confidence
  • Feeling like you don’t need as much sleep
  • Being unusually talkative
  • Racing thoughts and having trouble focusing
  • Becoming easily distracted
  • Poor decision-making

When in a major depressive episode, symptoms include:

Feeling sad or empty
Feeling hopeless
Bouts of tearfulness
Loss of interest or pleasure in things you enjoy
Change in appetite (either a decrease or increase)
Subsequent weight loss or weight gain
Fatigue or lack of energy
Feeling worthless
Feeling excessively guilty
Thoughts of harming yourself

Types of Bipolar Disorder

  • Bipolar I Disorder: Consist of at least one manic episode and at least one major depressive episode. In some cases, the mania may lead to psychosis.
  • Bipolar II Disorder: Consist of at least one major depressive episode and one hypomanic episode, but never a manic episode.
  • Cyclothymic Disorder: A period of at least two years consisting of many periods of hypomania symptoms or depressive symptoms.
  • Other Types: Types of bipolar disorder brought on by or related to certain drugs or alcohol or medical conditions like Cushing’s disease or multiple sclerosis.

The Best New treatment for Bipolar Disorder

Ketamine infusions

Ketamine is most popular as an FDA-approved anesthetic and pain reliever but is now being used to treating fibromyalgia and mood disorders including the treatment for bipolar disorder in Portland, OR. Contact us today to learn more about this revolutionary new treatment.

Do I Have Fibromyalgia?

How Does Fibromyalgia Feel?

If you’re familiar with fibromyalgia, you are likely aware of the chronic pain that it brings to those who suffer from it. Other than that, the symptoms of fibromyalgia can be a bit difficult to specify. Like most chronic pain conditions, it brings along more than just symptoms of pain. You may experience, to varying degrees, fatigue, memory issues, or mood swings. Some believe that fibromyalgia “amplifies painful sensations by affecting the way your brain and spinal cord process painful and nonpainful signals,” per the MayoClinic.

Exactly how fibromyalgia feels is a complicated question, with a complicated answer. It varies from person-to-person, like many chronic pain conditions. Primary symptoms typically include:

  • Widespread pain: Fibromyalgia pain usually takes the form of a dull ache lasting for long periods of time, even months. For pain to be classified as “widespread,” it must be occurring on both sides of the body as well as both above and below the waist.
  • Fatigue: Even though you may get more sleep with fibromyalgia, you will likely still find yourself tired and weak a good portion of the time. Fibromyalgia often co-occurs with sleep disorders, like restless legs syndrome or sleep apnea, which can further contribute to these feelings.
  • Cognitive difficulties: You may have heard of the “fibro fog,” the nickname for this condition’s effect on the way you think, focus, or concentrate.

Other conditions that often co-occur alongside fibromyalgia include:

  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Migraines and headaches
  • Interstitial cystitis
  • Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ)
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Postural tachycardia syndrome

What Causes Fibromyalgia?

The metaphorical jury is still out on what exactly causes someone to develop fibromyalgia. It may have something to do with repeated nerve stimulation that causes a person’s brain and spinal cord to change. Other possible factors include:

  • Genetics: You are more likely to develop fibromyalgia if you have any blood relatives with this condition.
    Infections or Illness: Other health conditions (such as the ones mentioned above) can contribute to the development of fibromyalgia.
  • Physical Events: Some people find their fibromyalgia triggered by an injury or other kind of physical event.
  • Stress: Psychological stress, especially prolonged stress, is thought to play a role in the development of fibromyalgia.
    Other Conditions: Other conditions or illnesses like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or lupus may make you more likely to develop fibromyalgia as well.

Fibromyalgia Treatment Options

Ketamine for Fibromyalgia Treatment

You may have heard of ketamine already due to its use as an anesthetic and pain reliever. In recent years, ketamine has proven to be a powerful treatment for chronic pain conditions like fibromyalgia. Ketamine “appears to reduce the central nervous system sensitization associated with increased pain in both disorders. An NMDA receptor antagonist Ketamine appears to increase levels of glutamate, the main excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain, precisely where FM and ME/CFS patients may need it – in the prefrontal cortex of the brain,” per Health Rising.

Medications for Fibromyalgia Treatment

Some healthcare providers will recommend over-the-counter pain-relieving medications like acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and naproxen sodium. In more severe cases, doctors may prescribe antidepressants or anti-seizure drugs for your fibromyalgia pain.

Therapy for Fibromyalgia

Therapeutic treatments — physical therapy, occupational therapy, talk therapy, etc. — can be quite useful in terms of learning to manage the physical and psychological symptoms of fibromyalgia.

Can Ketamine Help With Your Fibromyalgia Symptoms?

If you or a loved one is suffering from chronic pain as a result of fibromyalgia, contact Specialized Infusions, the premier ketamine treatment provider in Portland, OR, and surrounding areas.

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