Bipolar disorder, which you may also know by the name of manic depression, is a debilitating mood disorder and mental health condition characterized by extreme mood swings. Those suffering from bipolar disorder go through phases of high energy, called mania, and periods of depression.
Despite how serious the symptoms can be, no one with bipolar disorder is true without help. Treatments both old and new like psychotherapy or ketamine infusions may help you find relief and return to a sense of normalcy in everyday life.
How Does One become Bipolar?
The unfortunate reality is that a number of factors can contribute to the development of this disorder, and the cause may not always be clear in each individual case. Factors known to play a role include biological differences and genetics.
When it comes to biological differences, it is thought that people with bipolar disorder may have corresponding physical changes within their brains. Exactly what role these changes play is still uncertain, but it may help research into this condition in the future.
Genetics also play an important role. Though we are yet to find specific genes that are connected to bipolar disorder, you are more likely to develop this condition if you have blood relatives who also have bipolar disorder.
Other risk factors can include going through especially traumatic or stressful periods, or abuse of drugs or alcohol.
What are the symptoms?
Bipolar disorder can be difficult to diagnose because of the significant differences between symptoms in each phase.
When going through a manic or hypomanic phase, symptoms include:
- Being abnormally energetic or active
- Being abnormally upbeat or jumpy
- Exaggerated feelings of well-being and self-confidence
- Feeling like you don’t need as much sleep
- Being unusually talkative
- Racing thoughts and having trouble focusing
- Becoming easily distracted
- Poor decision-making
When in a major depressive episode, symptoms include:
Feeling sad or empty
Bouts of tearfulness
Loss of interest or pleasure in things you enjoy
Change in appetite (either a decrease or increase)
Subsequent weight loss or weight gain
Fatigue or lack of energy
Feeling excessively guilty
Thoughts of harming yourself
Types of Bipolar Disorder
- Bipolar I Disorder: Consist of at least one manic episode and at least one major depressive episode. In some cases, the mania may lead to psychosis.
- Bipolar II Disorder: Consist of at least one major depressive episode and one hypomanic episode, but never a manic episode.
- Cyclothymic Disorder: A period of at least two years consisting of many periods of hypomania symptoms or depressive symptoms.
- Other Types: Types of bipolar disorder brought on by or related to certain drugs or alcohol or medical conditions like Cushing’s disease or multiple sclerosis.
The Best New treatment for Bipolar Disorder
Ketamine is most popular as an FDA-approved anesthetic and pain reliever but is now being used to treating fibromyalgia and mood disorders including the treatment for bipolar disorder in Portland, OR. Contact us today to learn more about this revolutionary new treatment.